Role of vendors & community input in policy development: additional information

Citations

[1] City of Austin Office of Police Oversight, Body-Worn Cameras & Dashboard Cameras: Policy Review and Recommendations, January 27, 2022, https://alpha.austin.gov/police-oversight/body-worn-cameras-and-dashboards-cameras-policy-review-and-recommendations/open_in_new.

[2] Daniel White (Management Analyst III, Planning Research & Support Section, Denver Police Department), email message to OPO, April 25, 2022; Sandy D’Elosua Vastola (Staff, Office of the Chief, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department), email message to OPO, May 10, 2022.

[3] M. Catherine McGuire (Executive Director, Strategic Management Bureau, San Francisco Police Department) in discussion with OPO, June 20, 2022; Ashley Lancaster (Policy Director, Policy Development Team, Training Division, Portland Police Bureau), email message to OPO, May 9, 2022.

[4] See endnote 3.

[5] City of Austin Office of Police Oversight, Body-Worn Cameras and Dashboard Cameras: Policy Review and Recommendations, January 27, 2022, https://alpha.austin.gov/police-oversight/body-worn-cameras-and-dashboards-cameras-policy-review-and-recommendations/open_in_new; see Eagley, Ingrid V. and Joanna C. Schwartz, 2017, “Lexipol The Privatization of Police Policymaking,” Texas Law Review 96(5): 891-976, accessed July 27, 2022, https://texaslawreview.org/lexipol/open_in_new.

[6] Eagley, Ingrid V. and Joanna C. Schwartz, 2017, “Lexipol: The Privatization of Police Policymaking,” Texas Law Review 96(5): 891-976, accessed July 27, 2022, https://texaslawreview.org/lexipol/open_in_new.

[7] See endnote 6.

[8] Sandy D’Elosua Vastola (Staff, Office of the Chief, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department), email message to OPO, May 10, 2022 (stating that the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department sources policies from comparable cities that are relatively similar in population and department size, including Baltimore, Atlanta, Memphis, Nashville, Louisville Metro and Columbus).

[9] Lisa Fink (Policy Specialist/Language Access Coordinator, Baltimore Police Department), email message to OPO, May 9, 2022 (stating that the Baltimore Police Department accesses policies through IACPnet and other listservs).

[10] Shannon Sullivan (Director, Consent Decree Implementation Unit, Baltimore Police Department), email message to OPO, June 15, 2022; City of New Orleans, “Professional Services Agreement Between the City of New Orleans and Lexipol LLC,” December 9, 2011, https://contracts.nola.gov/nola_svc/api/document/98761open_in_new; City of New Orleans, “Amendment No. 1 to Professional Services Agreement Between City of New Orleans and Lexipol, L.L.C NOPD Web-Based Policy Content,” March 19, 2013, https://contracts.nola.gov/nola_svc/api/document/99018open_in_new; City of New Orleans, “Amendment No. 2 to Professional Services Agreement Between City of New Orleans and Lexipol, L.L.C NOPD Web-Based Policy Content,” January 22, 2022, https://contracts.nola.gov/nola_svc/api/document/99204open_in_new.

[11] Shannon Sullivan (Director, Consent Decree Implementation Unit, Baltimore Police Department), email message to OPO, June 15, 2022.

[12] Shannon Sullivan (Director, Consent Decree Implementation Unit, Baltimore Police Department), in discussion with OPO, June 15, 2022.

[13] See endnotes 11 and 12.

[14] “FAQ,” New Orleans Police Department Consent Decree Monitor, accessed July 27, 2022, http://consentdecreemonitor.com/faqopen_in_new.

[15] “Welcome,” New Orleans Police Department Consent Decree Monitor, accessed July 27, 2022, http://consentdecreemonitor.com/open_in_new.

[16] City of New Orleans, “Professional Services Agreement Between the City of New Orleans and Lexipol LLC,” December 9, 2011, https://contracts.nola.gov/nola_svc/api/document/98761open_in_new; City of New Orleans, “Amendment No. 1 to Professional Services Agreement Between City of New Orleans and Lexipol, L.L.C NOPD Web-Based Policy Content,” March 19, 2013, https://contracts.nola.gov/nola_svc/api/document/99018open_in_new; City of New Orleans, “Amendment No. 2 to Professional Services Agreement Between City of New Orleans and Lexipol, L.L.C NOPD Web-Based Policy Content,” January 22, 2022, https://contracts.nola.gov/nola_svc/api/document/99204open_in_new.

[17] “Lexipol and Public Employer Risk Management Association Announce Partnership Providing Law Enforcement Policies and Training,” Lexipol LLC, September 12, 2019, https://www.lexipol.com/lexipol-and-perma-announce-partnership-providing-law-enforcement-policies-and-training/open_in_new.

[18] Ashley Lancaster (Policy Director, Policy Development Team, Training Division, Portland Police Bureau), email message to OPO, May 9, 2022; Portland Police Bureau, “0010.00 Directives Review and Development Process,” Portland Police Bureau Directives Manual, March 30, 2018, https://www.portlandoregon.gov/police/article/678287open_in_new.

[19] Sandy D’Elosua Vastola (Staff, Office of the Chief, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department), email message to OPO, May 5, 2022

[20] Daniel White (Management Analyst III, Planning Research & Support Section, Denver Police Department), email message to OPO, April 25, 2022.

[21] See endnote 20.

[22] Janelle Caywood (Director of Policy, San Francisco Department of Police Accountability), email message to OPO, May 2, 2022.

[23] See endnote 22.

[24] M. Catherine McGuire (Executive Director, Strategic Management Bureau, San Francisco Police Department) in discussion with OPO, June 20, 2022; Janelle Caywood (Director of Policy, San Francisco Department of Police Accountability), email message to OPO, May 2, 2022.

[25] Police Executive Research Forum, “Atlanta Police Department: Agency Review and Assessment,” April 2022, https://www.atlantaga.gov/home/showdocument?id=55575open_in_new.

[26] City of Atlanta, “The Police Executive Research Forum and APD Urban Planning and Management Provide the Atlanta Police Department with Approximately 150 Policy and Practice Recommendations,” accessed July 12, 2022, https://justicereform.atlantaga.gov/police-reformopen_in_new.

[27] See endnote 26.

[28] A “desk research” designation has been applied to cities that did not respond to OPO’s inquiries. For these cities, OPO’s desk research focused on locating other primary sources for the requested information. Most sources were gathered from city department websites (e.g., finance, procurement, police department, consent decree monitor). In some cases, OPO also looked to policing organizations, like the Police Executive Research Forum, that published research gathered through direct contact with the department(s) at issue.

[29] A “contact” designation has been applied to cities that responded directly to OPO’s inquiries.

[30] A “hybrid” designation has been applied to cities that responded to OPO’s inquiries and for which OPO completed supplemental desk research.

[31] “Consent Decree Basics,” Baltimore Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.baltimorepolice.org/transparency/consent-decree-basicsopen_in_new; “NOPD Consent Decree,” New Orleans Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.nola.gov/nopd/nopd-consent-decree/open_in_new; “DOJ Settlement,” Portland Police Bureau, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.portland.gov/police/dojopen_in_new; “Settlement Agreement History,” Seattle Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.seattle.gov/police/about-us/professional-standards-bureau/settlement-agreement-historyopen_in_new.

[32] “Justice Department Releases Critical Response Report of San Diego Police Department’s Misconduct Policies and Practices,” The United States Department of Justice, March 17, 2015, https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/justice-department-releases-critical-response-report-san-diego-police-departments-misconductopen_in_new.

[33] “CRI Timeline,” San Francisco Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sanfranciscopolice.org/your-sfpd/police-reform/cri-timelineopen_in_new.

[34] See endnote 33.

[35] M. Catherine McGuire (Executive Director, Strategic Management Bureau, San Francisco Police Department) in discussion with OPO, June 20, 2022.

[36] Police Executive Research Forum, “Atlanta Police Department: Agency Review and Assessment,” April 2022, https://www.atlantaga.gov/home/showdocument?id=55575open_in_new.

[37] City of Atlanta, “The Police Executive Research Forum and APD Urban Planning and Management Provide the Atlanta Police Department with Approximately 150 Policy and Practice Recommendations,” accessed July 12, 2022, https://justicereform.atlantaga.gov/police-reformopen_in_new.

[38] See endnote 37.

[39] APD Urban Planning and Management, LLC, “2022 Community Survey Extension,” May 19, 2022, https://www.atlantaga.gov/home/showdocument?id=55573open_in_new.

[40] Atlanta Police Department, “Written Directive 4.1.2 Review Process,” Atlanta Police Department Written Directives, accessed July 26, 2022, https://www.atlantapd.org/about-apd/standard-operating-procedures/-folder-57open_in_new.

[41] See endnote 40.

[42] Lisa Fink (Policy Specialist/Language Access Coordinator, Baltimore Police Department), email message to OPO, May 9, 2022.

[43] Shannon Sullivan (Director, Consent Decree Implementation Unit, Baltimore Police Department), email message to OPO, June 15, 2022.

[44] See endnote 43.

[45] See endnote 43.

[46] Lisa Fink (Policy Specialist/Language Access Coordinator, Baltimore Police Department), email message to OPO, May 9, 2022.

[47] See endnote 46.

[48] See endnote 46; “Consent Decree Basics,” Baltimore Police Department, accessed July 25, 2022, https://www.baltimorepolice.org/transparency/consent-decree-basicsopen_in_new.

[49] See endnote 46.

[50] See endnote 46.

[51] See endnote 46.

[52] See endnote 46.

[53] See endnote 46.

[54] See endnote 46.

[55] See endnote 46.

[56] Sandy D’Elosua Vastola (Staff, Office of the Chief, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department), email message to OPO, May 5, 2022.

[57] See endnote 56.

[58] See endnote 56.

[59] See endnote 56.

[60] See endnote 56.

[61] Nicole Jackson (Administrative Specialist II), email message to OPO, July 22, 2022.

[62] “Vendor Payments,” City of Dallas, accessed June 10, 2022, http://spending.dallasopendata.com/#!/year/All%20Years/explore/0-/vendor/Lexipol,+LLC/1-AD-BMS-AY220017181/fundtypeopen_in_new (other line items are for other City of Dallas departments, such as courts and detention services).

[63] Nicole Jackson (Administrative Specialist II, Dallas Police Department), email message to OPO, July 22, 2022; Ernest Lampkin (Contracts Manager) in discussion with OPO, July 14, 2022.

[64] Ernest Lampkin (Contracts Manager, Dallas Police Department) in discussion with OPO, July 14, 2022.

[65] See endnote 61.

[66] Daniel White (Management Analyst III, Planning Research & Support Section, Denver Police Department), email message to OPO, April 25, 2022.

[67] See endnote 66.

[68] See endnote 66.

[69] See endnote 66.

[70] Margaret Humphrey (Policy Analyst/Advanced Certified Police Planner/Texas Accreditation Program Manager, Fort Worth Police Department), email message to OPO, April 27, 2022.

[71] See endnote 70.

[72] See endnote 70.

[73] See endnote 70.

[74] Houston Police Department, “General Order 100-01 Internal Directives,” Houston Police Department General Orders, accessed July 26, 2022, https://www.houstontx.gov/police/general_orders/index.htmopen_in_new.

[75] City of Houston, "City of Houston Mayor’s Task Force on Policing Reform," September 2020, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.houstontx.gov/boards/policing-reform-report.pdfopen_in_new.

[76] See endnote 75.

[77] “Citizens and Police…Friendship Through Education,” Houston Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.houstontx.gov/police/pip/open_in_new.

[78] See endnote 77.

[79] See endnote 77.

[80] Memphis Police Department, “Chapter I, Section 1, Part IV(A)(7)(b),” Memphis Police Department Policies & Procedures, accessed July 26, 2022, https://memphispolice.org/policies-and-procedures/open_in_new.

[81] Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice, “The President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing Implementation Guide: Moving from Recommendations to Action,” 2015, accessed July 27, 2022, https://cops.usdoj.gov/RIC/Publications/cops-p341-pub.pdfopen_in_new.

[82] City of Memphis, “Reimagine Policing in Memphis: Pillar One,” accessed July 27, 2022, https://reimagine.memphistn.gov/21st-century-policing/pillar-one/open_in_new.

[83] City of Memphis, “Reimagine Policing in Memphis: Pillar Two,” accessed July 27, 2022, https://reimagine.memphistn.gov/21st-century-policing/pillar-two/open_in_new.

[84] City of Memphis, “Reimagine Policing in Memphis: Pillar Four,” accessed July 27, 2022, https://reimagine.memphistn.gov/21st-century-policing/pillar-four/open_in_new.

[85] See endnote 84.

[86] “Contract Search,” City of New Orleans, accessed June 10, 2022, https://contracts.nola.gov/open_in_new.

[87] City of New Orleans, “Professional Services Agreement Between the City of New Orleans and Lexipol LLC,” December 9, 2011, https://contracts.nola.gov/nola_svc/api/document/98761open_in_new (entered into 12/9/11 with effective date of 12/13/11).

[88] City of New Orleans, “Amendment No. 1 to Professional Services Agreement Between City of New Orleans and Lexipol, L.L.C NOPD Web-Based Policy Content,” March 19, 2013, https://contracts.nola.gov/nola_svc/api/document/99018open_in_new (entered into 3/19/13 with effective date 12/14/12); City of New Orleans, “Amendment No. 2 to Professional Services Agreement Between City of New Orleans and Lexipol, L.L.C NOPD Web-Based Policy Content,” January 22, 2022, https://contracts.nola.gov/nola_svc/api/document/99204open_in_new (entered into 1/22/14 with effective date 12/14/13).

[89] See New Orleans Police Department, “New Orleans Police Department Operation Manual,” https://www.nola.gov/nopd/policies/open_in_new, accessed June 15, 2022.

[90] New Orleans Police Department, “Chapter 10.0: Community Policing and Engagement,” New Orleans Police Department Operation Manual, October 2021, accessed July 12, 2022, https://nola.gov/getattachment/NOPD/Policies/Chapter-10-0-Community-Policing-and-Engagement-EFFECTIVE-10-10-21.pdf/?lang=en-USopen_in_new.

[91] “FAQ,” New Orleans Police Department Consent Decree Monitor, accessed July 12, 2022, http://consentdecreemonitor.com/faqopen_in_new.

[92] See endnote 91.

[93] See endnote 91.

[94] “Community Involvement,” New Orleans Police Department Consent Decree Monitor, accessed July 12, 2022, http://consentdecreemonitor.com/community-involvementopen_in_new.

[95] “Schedule,” New Orleans Consent Decree Monitor, accessed July 12, 2022, http://consentdecreemonitor.com/scheduleopen_in_new.

[96] See endnote 94.

[97] Ashley Lancaster (Policy Director, Policy Development Team, Training Division, Portland Police Bureau), email message to OPO, May 9, 2022.

[98] See endnote 97.

[99] See endnote 97.

[100] See endnote 97.

[101] Portland Police Bureau, “Portland Police Bureau Department of Justice Progress Report,” March 2014, https://www.portlandoregon.gov/police/article/488469open_in_new (stating that the Portland City Council approved the settlement agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice in 2012).

[102] See endnote 97.

[103] See endnote 97.

[104] See endnote 97.

[105] See endnote 97.

[106] See endnote 97; see also Portland Police Bureau, “Directive 0010.00 Directives Review and Development Process,” Portland Police Bureau Directives Manual, accessed May 10, 2022, https://www.portlandoregon.gov/police/article/678287open_in_new.

[107] See endnote 97.

[108] See endnote 97.

[109] Washington Moscoso (Police Media Services Supervisor, San Antonio Police Department), email message to OPO, May 6, 2022.

[110] See endnote 109.

[111] See endnote 109.

[112] See endnote 109.

[113] See endnote 109.

[114] See endnote 109.

[115] “Policies and Procedures,” San Diego Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sandiego.gov/police/data-transparency/policies-proceduresopen_in_new (stating, “On occasion, certain draft procedures will be made available for public comment.”).

[116] “Public Comment for SDPD Procedures,” San Diego Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sandiego.gov/police/data-transparency/public-comment-draft-proceduresopen_in_new.

[117] See endnote 116.

[118] “Zencity Trust and Safety Survey,” San Diego Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sandiego.gov/police/data-transparency/trust-safety-surveyopen_in_new.

[119] See endnote 118.

[120] M. Catherine McGuire (Executive Director, Strategic Management Bureau, San Francisco Police Department) in discussion with OPO, June 20, 2022.

[121] “CRI Timeline,” San Francisco Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sanfranciscopolice.org/your-sfpd/police-reform/cri-timelineopen_in_new.

[122] M. Catherine McGuire (Executive Director, Strategic Management Bureau, San Francisco Police Department) in discussion with OPO, June 20, 2022.

[123] Janelle Caywood (Director of Policy, San Francisco Department of Police Accountability), email message to OPO, May 2, 2022.

[124] See endnote 123.

[125] M. Catherine McGuire (Executive Director, Strategic Management Bureau, San Francisco Police Department), email message to OPO, June 16, 2022.

[126] See endnote 123.

[127] See endnote 123.

[128] See endnote 125.

[129] See endnote 125.

[130] See endnote 125.

[131] See endnote 125; M. Catherine McGuire (Executive Director, Strategic Management Bureau, San Francisco Police Department) in discussion with OPO, June 20, 2022 (the grid is used in lieu of redlining to try to ensure that the General Orders have a consistent voice).

[132] See endnote 125.

[133] See endnote 125; M. Catherine McGuire (Executive Director, Strategic Management Bureau, San Francisco Police Department) in discussion with OPO, June 20, 2022 (SFPD tries to ensure that working groups are made up of between 6-10 members).

[134] See endnote 125.

[135] Janelle Caywood (Director of Policy, San Francisco Department of Police Accountability), email message to OPO, May 2, 2022.

[136] “Community Surveys,” San José Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sjpd.org/community/community-services/community-surveysopen_in_new.

[137] See endnote 136.

[138] See endnote 136.

[139] See “Body Camera Information,” San José Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sjpd.org/about-us/inside-sjpd/body-camera-informationopen_in_new; SANJOSEPOLICE, “Body Worn Camera Public Rollout,” San José Police Department, October 26, 2015, video, 1:49, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jzw1ZUITp0Q&t=26sopen_in_new.

[140] SANJOSEPOLICE, “Body Worn Camera Public Rollout,” San José Police Department, October 26, 2015, video, 1:49, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jzw1ZUITp0Q&t=26sopen_in_new.

[141] “Body Camera Information,” San José Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sjpd.org/about-us/inside-sjpd/body-camera-informationopen_in_new.

[142] “21st Century Policing,” San José Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sjpd.org/about-us/organization/office-of-the-chief-of-police/21st-century-policingopen_in_new.

[143] “LGBTQ Community Liaison,” San José Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sjpd.org/about-us/organization/office-of-the-chief-of-police/lgbtq-community-liaisonopen_in_new.

[144] “Community Advisory Board,” San José Police Department, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sjpd.org/about-us/organization/office-of-the-chief-of-police/community-advisory-boardopen_in_new.

[145] “News Release Correction: San José Hires Independent Experts to Review the Police Department’s Use of Force and Other Policies,” City of San José, accessed July 27, 2022, https://www.sanjoseca.gov/Home/Components/News/News/3002/4699open_in_new.

[146] See endnote 145.

[147] “Frequently Asked Questions,” Seattle Police Monitor, accessed July 12, 2022. https://seattlepolicemonitor.org/faqopen_in_new.

[148] See endnote 147.

[149] See endnote 147.

[150] “Comprehensive Assessment of the Seattle Police Department,” Seattle Police Monitor, May 2022, https://seattlepolicemonitor.org/sites/default/files/2022-05/Seattle_Police_Monitor_Comprehensive_Assessment.pdfopen_in_new.

[151] See endnote 150.

[152] “Frequently Asked Questions,” Seattle Police Monitor, accessed July 12, 2022. https://seattlepolicemonitor.org/faqopen_in_new.

[153] See endnote 152.

[154] “Community Police Commission,” City of Seattle, accessed July 12, 2022, https://www.seattle.gov/community-police-commission/about-us#commissionersopen_in_new.

[155] United States v. City of Seattle, Civil Action No. 12-CV- 1282 (W.D. Wash July 27, 2012), https://www.seattle.gov/documents/Departments/Police/Compliance/Consent_Decree.pdfopen_in_new.

[156] Ordinance 125312 Council Bill 118969, Seattle City Council (June 1, 2017), accessed July 12, 2022. https://www.seattle.gov/documents/Departments/CommunityPoliceCommission/Ordinance_APPROVED_052217_ALL_STRIKEOUTS_REMOVED.pdfopen_in_new.

[157] “Community Police Commission,” City of Seattle, accessed July 12, 2022, https://www.seattle.gov/community-police-commission/about-us#commissionersopen_in_new.

For more information

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