In 2021, OPO launched a policy initiative related to APD’s use-of-force policies.
Phase I of this initiative began in September 2020 and ended in January 2021 when OPO published our preliminary report. This report discussed our initial research and recommendations to change APD’s policies on six use-of-force matters:
- Restricting shooting at moving vehicles
- Exhausting all alternatives before using deadly force
- Duty to Intervene
- Banning chokeholds and strangleholds
- Warning before shooting
OPO’s initial recommendations were based on research into best practices and relevant laws.
Phase II of this initiative took place between April and May 2021. Phase II involved a community engagement campaign to collect public input on APD’s current use-of-force policies and OPO’s proposed recommendations. For more information on this community engagement campaign, click here.
The final phase of this initiative, Phase III, took place between June and October 2021. This phase of the initiative closed in October 2021 when OPO published our final report. Community voices were at the center of our final recommendations. The report highlighted public input that we received and explained how we incorporated this input, along with current best practices and relevant laws, into our final analysis and recommendations.
Some of our final recommendations included:
- Requiring officers to make every attempt to safely intervene in instances when they observe another officer use or prepare to use force that is not objectively reasonable or engage in any conduct that would constitute a violation of state law, federal law, or APD policy. OPO also recommended that officers who witness or intervene in such an incident immediately report their observations and involvement to a supervisor and complete a written incident report.
- Prohibiting officers from shooting from moving vehicles in all cases and at moving vehicles except if, based on the totality of the circumstances, officers have exhausted all possible alternatives and
- An occupant of the vehicle is using or immediately threatening deadly force by means other than the vehicle itself or
- If the vehicle itself is being used as a weapon, that will more likely than not cause a Mass Casualty Incident (e.g., driving into a crowd of people)
- Prohibiting the use of chokeholds, strangleholds, and any other action that could, or is intended to, prevent, reduce, hinder or otherwise negatively impact an individual’s blood flow to the brain or intake of air.