28 de enero de 2021

Recomendación: Prohibir que la policía le dispare a vehículos que están en movimiento

La iniciativa de 8 No Pueden Esperar (8 Can’t Wait) de la Campaña Cero (Campaign Zero) recomienda que los departamentos policiales restrinjan las circunstancias en cuales un oficial le puede disparar a un vehículo en movimiento. El disparar a un vehículo en movimiento es peligroso y es una táctica poco efectiva con alto riesgo de lastimar a los espectadores.

La política actual del Departamento de la Policía de Austin guarda silencio sobre el tema del disparo desde un vehículo en movimiento. El incrementar las restricciones sobre disparar a vehículos en movimiento ha demostrado un impacto sobre la reducción de disparos involucrando a la policía.

Información sobre 8 No Pueden Esperar

El departamento de la Fiscalización de la Policía presenta recomendaciones sobre políticas del uso de la fuerza como parte de un gran esfuerza para reescribir las Órdenes Generales (General Orders) del departamento de la Policía de Austin. Esta revisión a las Ordenes Generales del Departamento de la Policía es parte de las resoluciones pasadas en junio del 2020 por el Concejo Municipal de Austin.

Puede obtener más información sobre las resoluciones del Concejo Municipal en la pagina oficial de Reimaginando la seguridad publicaopen_in_new en la ciudad de Austin,

La primera etapa involucra analizando cómo las políticas actuales del Departamento de la Policía de Austin se comparan a las recomendaciones políticas hechas por 8 No Pueden Esperar (8 Can’t Waitopen_in_new), una iniciativa por la Campaña Cero (Campaign Zero) promueve las políticas que reducen el uso de la fuerza letal policial.

Contenido del documento

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Introduction Campaign Zero’s 8 Can’t Wait initiative recommends that police departments restrict the circumstances under which officers may shoot at moving vehicles. Shooting at a moving vehicle is regarded as a particularly dangerous and ineffective tactic, with a high risk of injuring bystanders. Increasing restrictions on shooting at moving vehicles has been shown to contribute to a reduction in officer-involved shootings. Policy review findings Shooting at moving vehicles is not sufficiently restricted Current policy permits shooting at a vehicle when the vehicle is being used as a weapon against officers or others. Shooting at a moving vehicle is difficult and can lead to innocent or uninvolved third parties being harmed. In addition, when shooting at a vehicle results in the driver being wounded or killed, the threat presented by the vehicle is not necessarily eliminated. APD's current policy fails to sufficiently restrict this practice in a way that effectively safeguards both officers and the public against its inherent risks. Office of Police Oversight Restrict Shooting at Moving Vehicles 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 Office of Police Oversight Restrict Shooting at Moving Vehicles 202.1.1 Policy – Firearm Discharge Situations; and 202.1.3 Moving Vehicles. Current APD policies related to restricting shooting at moving vehicles The following APD General Orders chapters are relevant to the restricting of shooting at moving vehicles: To view the full excerpts of these chapters, please turn to Appendix A. Furthermore, current policy creates a significant loophole by permitting shooting at moving vehicles in "extraordinary circumstances," while failing to define that term. Effective policies require defined parameters in order to be enforced. APD policy should generally prohibit shooting except as a last resort in circumstances when a vehicle occupant is using deadly force other than the vehicle itself. The only other condition under which shooting may be appropriate is when the vehicle itself is being used as a weapon likely to cause a mass casualty incident. APD policy is silent on the issue of shooting from a moving vehicle Shooting from a moving vehicle presents some of the same risks (e.g. potential harm to innocent bystanders) and difficulties (e.g. reduction in accuracy) as shooting at a moving vehicle. APD policy should explicitly prohibit this practice due to the inherent risks to officers, involved individuals, and uninvolved bystanders. 36 37 38 39 Restrict Shooting at Moving Vehicles Office of Police Oversight Recommended policy changes Add the following definition to General Order 200.1.2 Definitions: Mass Casualty Incident – An incident in which the number of casualties exceeds the normally available local resources. Change APD General Order 202.1.3 Moving Vehicles to the following: 202.1.3 MOVING VEHICLES (a) Officers shall only discharge their firearms at a moving vehicle if, based on the totality of the circumstances, they have exhausted all possible alternatives and: 1. an occupant of the vehicle is using deadly force by means other than the vehicle itself; or 2. if the vehicle itself is being used as a weapon that will more likely than not cause a Mass Casualty Incident. An example of a situation that would constitute a Mass Casualty Incident would be a vehicle being driven into a crowd of people. (b) Except as provided in subsection (a)(2) above, officers shall not discharge a firearm at a moving vehicle in any situation when the totality of the circumstances indicates that it is more likely than not that an innocent passenger or bystander could be injured. (c) Officers shall exercise good judgment and shall not place themselves in the path of a moving vehicle. (d) Officers shall move out of the path of any approaching vehicle unless it is impossible to do so. (e) In situations when this policy applies, officers may leave a position of cover only: 1. to utilize an avenue of escape; 2. to move to a position of better cover; or 3. if the risk associated with not apprehending the suspect or stopping the threat outweighs the danger posed to the officer or any other person by leaving a position of cover. (f) Officers shall not discharge their firearms from a moving vehicle.
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